Investing during a bear market can be tricky, but keeping your portfolio afloat should be easy if you stay diversified, maintain a long-term perspective, and follow your risk tolerance. However, some investors get caught up in the whirlwind of a bear market and start selling assets without thinking carefully about how it could impact their overall investment strategy.
During bear markets, investors sometimes shift their portfolios to a defensive posture to preserve capital and buy stocks that perform better in recessions. Defensive stocks are generally non-cyclical and provide stable dividends that help to counteract economic downturns.
These stocks can include businesses that belong to sectors like utilities, consumer staples, and healthcare with a track record of providing consistent returns in every type of market. GM is an example of a defensive stock that has survived past turbulence and is developing electric vehicles that could help the company to future success.
Shares of pharmaceutical firms and medical device makers are also considered defensive, as sick people will always need care. However, these companies have experienced a lot of volatility in recent years, especially during the 2020 coronavirus pandemic.
Bear traps can occur in any investment security and are triggered by a drop in the asset price. The decline can be due to a government report, geopolitical events, or other factors that make investors feel vulnerable.
Traders can avoid a bear trap by watching for signs that the market is about to reverse in a way that will benefit them. They can also use volume and technical indicators to identify these reversals.
A bear trap often ends with a rally as short-sellers start to buy back their shares. Institutional players also enter the picture, sending prices higher again.
To avoid a bear trap, traders should use stop-loss orders below a breakout level. Then, they can exit their trade before the stock price reverses and starts moving higher again.
Diversifying is the most effective way to protect your investments from a bear market. Diversification helps spread risk across various investment categories and assets, such as stocks, bonds, real estate, and alternative investments like gold.
Diversification can reduce risk by increasing your portfolio’s average annual return, which helps smooth out the volatility of returns over time. It can also help you minimize the impact of unexpected economic developments, such as an unforeseen economic slowdown or government regulations.
In addition to diversifying within different asset classes, consider diversification across industries and regions. For example, if you have a significant stake in the tech industry, you may also want to invest in energy companies.
Whether you’re a conservative, moderate, or aggressive investor, you must review your asset allocation regularly to ensure it meets your financial goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon. If you need help with your distribution, our team will guide you.
Risk tolerance is a critical component of a successful portfolio. It enables you to build a well-rounded portfolio that fits your values and comfort level, so you can stick with it even when market volatility makes you nervous.
Taking stock of your risk tolerance in the early stages of developing your portfolio is a good idea. This allows you to make smarter decisions upfront instead of adjusting your investment strategy as markets fluctuate.
Consider your personal and financial goals and time horizons to determine your risk tolerance. You can also talk to your advisor about the different asset classes you want to invest in.
Aggressive investors may be willing to take more risks to gain greater returns. They are market-savvy and understand the potential for significant losses.